Group Members: Vusachi, SimplyHolo, and Taayb123

List of Possible Project topics????? leesonma (talk) 22:20, September 3, 2017 (UTC)

Project Topics:

1.) Astrology by going in depth with the history of zodiac signs and how does the position of the planets (sun and the moon also) affect human behavior

been there done that leesonma (talk) 02:46, September 11, 2017 (UTC)

2.) The Life of Neil Degrasse Tyson

probably more interesting leesonma (talk) 02:46, September 11, 2017 (UTC)

3.) Constellations ... please no. That horse has been whipped enough already. leesonma (talk) 02:46, September 11, 2017 (UTC)

4.) Why isn't Pluto considered a planet anymore?

I will cover this in sufficient detail. leesonma (talk) 02:46, September 11, 2017 (UTC)

To Do:

1.) Gather Inforation on the life of Neil deGrasse Tyson that will be disected into 4 categories; such as early life and education, career, achievements, and personal life.

2.) Create a presentation for the project that reflect Tyson's love for astronomy and possess creativity to make it interesting (If decided to do a powerpoint presentation, do not forget index cards for presentation!!)

3) Meet together with group memebers to work on the project presentation over the weekend and perfect the presentation form

4.) Bring completed project to school on Monday, so that will be ready to present.

The Life of Neil deGrasse Tyson (Free Project):

1.) Early Life and Education:

Neil deGrasse Tyson was born on 5 October 1958, in Manhattan, as one of the three children of Cyril deGrasse Tyson, an African American, and Sunchita Marie Tyson, who was of Puerto Rican origins. Neil deGrasse Tyson grew up around the Bronx. His mother was a gerontologist named Sunchita Feliciano Tyson. His father was a sociologist named Cyril deGrasse Tyson. Growing up, Neil deGrasse Tyson went to several public schools in New York City before enrolling at  the Bronx High School of Science from 1972-1976 where there was an emphasis on astrophysics then. Apart from being the captain of their wrestling team, an intelligent and curious boy that was deeply fascinated by astronomy became the editor-in-chief of “Physical Science” which was the school’s paper.He graduated in1976. His love for astronomy began at a young age of nine after his first visit to the Hayden Planetarium. In his teen years, he had an obsession for astronomy, and made his mark on the community of astronomy lovers when he gave lectures when he was just fifteen. So much was his passion for astronomy that even Dr. Carl Sagan of the Cornell University personally sought him out to invite him for undergraduate programs. Neil, however, chose to attend Harvard University where he then had his major in physics while residing at the Currier House. It was in 1980 when he received his Bachelor of Arts in Physics, but during the years in between, he was involved in other activities such as rowing, wrestling, and dancing. He proceeded with his post graduate endeavors at the University of Texas at Austin. In 1983, he earned his Master of Arts in Astronomy. Two years later, he even bagged the gold medal for the dance team of the University of Texas when he entered a national event for International Latin Ballroom. He furthered his education by earning a Master of Philosophy in astrophysics at Columbia University back in 1989. He had his doctorate in Philosophy of astrophysics two years later in 1991. After spending a few years doing post-doctorate work at Princeton University, Tyson landed a job at the Hayden Planetarium in 1996.

“Neil deGrasse Tyson.” Famous Scientists, Accessed 15 Sept. 2017. Editors. “Neil deGrasse Tyson.”, A&E Networks Television, 21 May 2015, Accessed 15 Sept. 2017.

Editors, “Neil deGrasse Tyson Biography.” Neil DeGrasse Tyson Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline, 21 July 2017, Accessed 15 Sept. 2017.

2.) Career

He was appointed as a lecturer in astronomy at the University of Maryland in 1986. He remained there only till 1987 and was accepted into Columbia University the next year. After two years of rigorous research he was awarded a Doctorate of Philosophy in astrophysics in 1991.His mentor at Columbia University was Professor R. Michael Rich who helped him in obtaining funds to support his doctoral research from NASA and the ARCS foundation. With the help of the funding he attended international meetings in Italy, Switzerland, Chile, and South Africa.He also began writing in the 1990s. He started writing the column, ‘Universe’ for the ‘Natural History’ magazine in 1995 which went on to become very popular. The magazine released a special edition titled ‘City of Stars’ (2002), in which Tyson popularized the term "Manhattanhenge" which describes the two days in a year on which the evening sun aligns with the street grid in Manhattan. Tyson eventually became the director of the Planetarium and worked on an extensive renovation of the facility, from assisting with its design to helping raise the necessary funds. This $210 million project was completed in 2000, and the revamped site offered visitors a cutting-edge look at astronomy. One of Tyson's most controversial decisions at the time was the removal of Pluto from the display of planets. He classified Pluto as a dwarf planet, which invoked a strong response from some visitors. While some asked for the planet Pluto back, the International Astronomical Union followed Tyson's lead in 2006. The organization officially labeled Pluto as a dwarf planet. In addition to his work at the planetarium, Tyson has found other ways of improving the nation's scientific literacy. "One of my goals is to bring the universe down to Earth in a way that further excites the audience to want more," he once said. To this end, Tyson has written several books for the general public, including Death by Black Hole and Other Cosmic Quandariesand The Pluto Files: The Rise and Fall of America's Favorite Planet. He has taken his message to the airwaves as well, serving as the host of PBS's NOVA ScienceNow documentary series from 2006 to 2011. In addition to breaking down barriers between scientists and the general public, Tyson has brought diversity to astrophysics. He is one of the few African Americans in his field. Tyson has also served as a presidential advisor. In 2001, President George W. Bush appointed him to a commission on the future of the aerospace industry. He also served another commission three years later to examine U.S. policy on space exploration. President Bush once again appointed him in 2004 to serve on a 9-member commission to the Implementation of the United States Space Exploration Policy. A couple of years later he was appointed by the head of NASA to serve on its Advisory Council. In 2004, he hosted the four-part miniseries ‘Origins’ of the PBS ‘Nova’ series. Along with Donald Goldsmith he co-authored ‘Origins: Fourteen Billion Years of Cosmic Evolution’ as a companion book for the series. He was a speaker at the ‘Beyond Belief: Science, Religion, Reason and Survival’ symposium in November 2006. He became a regular on the series ‘The Universe’, broadcast on ‘The History Chanel’. In 2009, he again collaborated with Donald Goldsmith as the narrator on the documentary ‘400 Years of the Telescope’ which premiered on PBS. These days, Tyson is one of the most in-demand science experts. He gives talks across the country and is a media favorite whenever there is an important science issue making news. Tyson is known for his ability to make difficult concepts accessible to every audience, his oratory skills and his sense of humor, which has led to appearances on such shows as Real Time with Bill Maher, The Colbert Report and The Daily Show. He also hosts his own podcast StarTalk Radio, a science-based talk show that features comedic co-hosts. In 2014, Tyson hosted and was the executive editor of a 13-episode television series entitled COSMOS: A Space-Time Odyssey. The series reboots the classic science documentary, Cosmos. The original version featured Carl Sagan as host and provided a general audience with a greater understanding of the origin of life and our universe. At present he is serving as the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium at the Rose Center for Earth and Space. He is also a research associate in the department of astrophysics at the American Museum of Natural History. His Youtube videos are also very popular. Editors. “Neil deGrasse Tyson.”, A&E Networks Television, 21 May 2015, Accessed 15 Sept. 2017.

Editors, “Neil deGrasse Tyson Biography.” Neil DeGrasse Tyson Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline, 21 July 2017, Accessed 15 Sept. 2017.

3.) Achievements

• Tyson is the fifth head of the world-renowned Hayden Planetarium in New York City and the first occupant of its Frederick P. Rose Directorship.


• In 2004, he received the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal, the highest civilian honor bestowed by NASA.

• In 2009, he was presented with the Douglas S. Morrow Public Outreach Award from the Space Foundation for significant contributions to public awareness of space programs. The same year he also received Isaac Asimov Award from the American Humanist Association.


• One of today’s popularizers of science, Neil deGrasse Tyson is a science communicator and known American astrophysicist. Currently, he is the Hayden Planetarium’s Frederick P. Rose director at the Rose Center for Earth and Space. He is also one of the research associates of the American Museum of Natural History’s department of astrophysics. Since he is a popularizer of science, he has appeared in television shows such as NOVA ScienceNow which was aired on PBS from 2006-2011. He is involved in fields such as physical cosmology, astrophysics, and science communication.

• His career in science has included being able to hold position in the University of Maryland, the American Museum of Natural History, the Hayden Planetarium, and Princeton University.

• He has also been able to publish several books on subjects related to astronomy. He wrote “Universe,” a column for the Natural History magazine, in 1995. He was even able to coin a word in one of the columns he wrote back in 2002. The word was “Manhattanhenge” and it is used for describing the 2 days in a year when the setting sun would align with the street grids of Manhattan which makes the sunset easily viewed on the clear side streets.

• A year before he coined that term, former US President George W. Bush had appointed Neil deGrasse Tyson to be a member of the Commission on the Future of the United States Aerospace Industry. Two years later, he served as a part of the President’s Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy. This Commission is better known by its more popular nickname which is the “Moon, Mars, and Beyond” commission. After a short while, he was then awarded by NASA their Distinguished Public Service Medal which happens to be the highest honor NASA awards to civilians.

• Being a popularizer of science, Neil deGrasse Tyson has also made several appearances on television apart from being a columnist and book author. PBS’s miniseries entitled “Nova” had four parts, all of which Neil hosted back in 2004. Along with Donald Goldsmith, Tyson co-authored another volume for Nova which was called “Origins: Fourteen Billion Years of Cosmic Evolution.” Later on, another collaboration was done and the fruit was called “400 Years of the Telescope.” This was aired on PBS back in April of 2009. He also hosted NOVA ScienceNow, the PBS program until 2011.

• Part of his rich career related to anything and everything about astronomy included his being the Planetary Society’s chairman, president, and vice-president. Because of his love of the universe, his usual cheerful self along with his knowledge and vibrant character, Neil deGrasse Tyson became a regular part of “The Universe” which is a popular series from The History Channel.

• Tyson has his own views about spirituality, religion, and science which he included in his essays called “The Perimeter of Ignorance” as well as “Holy Wars.” Both of these works appeared in the Natural History Magazine. Apart from having contributions in the field of astronomy, he also has civic awareness and was even an eyewitness to the attacks on the World Trade Center back in September 11, 2001. He had written a letter about what he had seen that day, and the footage he was able to take was even made part of the documentary released in 2008 which was called “102 Minutes That Changed America.”

• Not only is he a man of science, Neil deGrasse Tyson even has collaborations with PETA or the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, and he stated that one need not be a rocket scientist to know that showing kindness is a virtue. He even had an interview with PETA where he discussed concepts about the intelligence of both humans and animals. He remains to be an advocate of NASA or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and hopes for the expansion of their operations.

• He has had appearances with Bill Nye in Stargate Atlantis’s “Brain Storm” episode, and even in more popular modern shows such as The Big Bang Theory’s episode called “The Apology Insufficiency.” He has also assisted DC Comics in selecting a star which would best match Superman’s home planet, Krypton. Today, he enjoys being a wine enthusiast along with his scientific endeavors while he lives with his wife and two kids in Lower Manhattan


• When Tyson was nine years old, his interest in astronomy was sparked by a trip to the Hayden Planetarium at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. Tyson received a bachelor’s degree in physics from Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1980 and a master’s degree in astronomy from the University of Texas at Austin in 1983. He began writing a question-and-answer column for the University of Texas’s popular astronomy magazine StarDate, and material from that column later appeared in his books Merlin’s Tour of the Universe (1989) and Just Visiting This Planet (1998).

• Tyson then earned a master’s (1989) and a doctorate in astrophysics (1991) from Columbia University, New York City. He was a postdoctoral research associate at Princeton University from 1991 to 1994, when he joined the Hayden Planetarium as a staff scientist. His research dealt with problems relating to galactic structure and evolution. He became acting director of the Hayden Planetarium in 1995 and director in 1996. From 1995 to 2005 he wrote monthly essays for Natural History magazine, some of which were collected in Death by Black Hole: And Other Cosmic Quandaries (2007), and in 2000 he wrote an autobiography, The Sky Is Not the Limit: Adventures of an Urban Astrophysicist. His later books include Astrophysics for People in a Hurry (2017).

• As director of the Hayden Planetarium, Tyson oversaw a complete replacement of the facility, which opened in 2000. The new planetarium’s exhibit categorized the solar system’s bodies into groups. Pluto was not classified with either the terrestrial or Jovian planets but was grouped with the Kuiper belt objects. That decision (made six years before the International Astronomical Union designated Pluto as a dwarf planet) proved quite controversial, and Tyson was deluged with angry letters. He wrote about that experience in The Pluto Files: The Rise and Fall of America’s Favorite Planet (2009), in which he attributed some of the sentimental attachment to Pluto’s planethood to cultural factors such as Pluto being the only planet discovered by an American (astronomer Clyde Tombaugh) and having the popular cartoon character of Mickey Mouse’s dog named after it.

• Aside from his many books, Tyson was a well-known popularizer of science on television and radio. He appeared frequently on such talk shows as The Daily Show with Jon Stewart and The Colbert Report. In 2004 he was host of the four-episode television series Origins, which examined the origins of the universe, stars, planets, and life. From 2006 to 2011 he was the host of the television series NOVA scienceNOW, and, beginning in 2009, he was also host of the weekly radio show StarTalk. From 2015 Tyson presided over a television talk show based on his radio program. It aired on the National Geographic Channel. In 2014 he hosted the television series Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, a “continuation” (as he termed it) of astronomer Carl Sagan’s popular series Cosmos (1980). He also made occasional appearances as himself in films and on television. He voiced an imaginary weasel in the children’s animated movie Ice Age: Collision Course (2016).


• Awards

o 1994 NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal

o 2014 Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Reality Show Hos (cosmos)

o 2007 Klopsteg Memorial Award

 Named for Paul E. Klopsteg, a principal founder, a former AAPT President, and a long-time member of AAPT, the Klopsteg Memorial Lecture Award recognizes outstanding communication of the excitement of contemporary physics to the general public.

o 2009 Isaac Asimov Awards??

o Douglas S. Morrow Public Outreach Award

 The Space Foundation annually presents the Douglas S. Morrow Public Outreach Award in memory of the late Douglas S. Morrow, renowned Academy Award winning writer and producer, space advocate and former Space Foundation Board Member, to an individual or organization who has made significant contributions to the public awareness and understanding of space programs. The Douglas S. Morrow Public Outreach Award is presented annually at the Space Symposium.

o 2014 Shorty Award for Best in Science

o 2001 Medal of Excellence??

4.) Personal Life

• Tyson lives in New York City with his wife and their two children. Outside of his scientific endeavors, he is an avid collector of writing instruments


• Some scientists get the Nobel Prize. A few get to appear on popular TV. Then you have the one who's on "The Daily Show," is an Internet meme and trades lines with Superman in a comic book, all while publishing in prestigious journals and running a renowned planetarium.

• You know we must be talking about Neil deGrasse Tyson, the African-American astrophysicist with the uncanny ability to reduce complex cosmic concepts into ideas the average person understands and finds entertaining. No wonder he has such a following among geeks and non-geeks alike.

• Tyson is the Harvard- and Columbia-educated director of the Hayden Planetarium at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. Throughout his career, he has taken his knowledge and enthusiasm for astronomy into television series, presentations and books aimed at nonscientists [source: Hayden Planetarium]. And he's also reached some milestones that few other mortals can claim. Let's discuss.

• (I just like this beginning)

• Tyson once described his high school persona as "a nerd who could kick your butt." That muscular physique -- plus his charisma and good looks -- caused People magazine to name him Sexiest Astrophysicist Alive (perhaps the only astrophysicist to win that distinction).

• "As passionate about earthly pleasures as those celestial, the 6'2" Tyson indulges his love of wine and gourmet cooking while succumbing to the gravitational pull of his wife of 12 years, mathematical physics Ph.D. Alice Young," the magazine breathlessly wrote in 2000.

• The model you made of Earth's solar system in elementary school is obsolete. If it includes Pluto, anyway.

• Thanks to a controversial August 2006 demotion, Pluto was rendered a dwarf planet. And Neil deGrasse Tyson helped lead the charge by refusing to refer to Pluto as the solar system's ninth planet in the Hayden Planetarium's display. Pluto, with its elongated orbit and 50 percent ice composition, was too different from the other planets, Tyson insisted; it was simply the first of a new class of objects that weren't realized until the early 1990s [source: NPR].

• Pluto and Tyson, who were dubbed "frenemies," began a complicated relationship that played out in the media. While Tyson's been quick to say he wasn't solely responsible for Pluto's "killing off" as a planet, he admits he was an accessory to the fact. "All I did was drive the getaway car" [source: Houston].

• Professionally, Tyson stands by his actions. Personally, however, his feelings remain mixed. So much so that three years after Pluto's demotion, he opened up on his blog. "I feel compelled to defend Pluto's honor," Tyson wrote. "It lives deeply in our 20th century culture and consciousness and somehow rounds out the diversity of our family of planets like the troubled sibling of a large family.”

• You know an astrophysicist has star power when he can demand changes in a blockbuster movie before it is rereleased to the public. Turns out, James Cameron's 1997 movie "Titanic" depicted the wrong night sky in one of the most memorable scenes illustrating the ocean liner's descent on April 15, 1912.

• Tyson wrote Cameron to tell him the stars were not in alignment -- or even in the right ballpark -- when Kate Winslet (who played Rose in the movie) was clinging to a piece of driftwood in the ocean and gazing up at the heavens.

• During a panel discussion at St. Petersburg College, Fla., Tyson said, "There is only one sky she should have been looking at ... and it was the wrong sky! Worse than that ... the left half of the sky was a mirror reflection of the right half of the sky. It was not only wrong, it was lazy."

• After getting no response, Tyson brought the matter up with Cameron when the two met face-to-face at an event. The director's response? According to Tyson, he drily said, "Last I checked, Titanic had grossed $1.3 billion worldwide. Think how much more it would have grossed if I'd gotten the sky correct."

• But Tyson later got a call from someone on Cameron's post-production team who asked him for the correct star alignment and adjusted the shot before the movie's 2012 re-release [sources: Judkis, O'Neill].

• Scoring a big-name interview for any podcast is quite a coup. Tyson, however, is light-years ahead of the crowd. In 2014, he interviewed "God" on his podcast, "StarTalk," billed as the "first and only popular commercial radio program devoted to all things space." Turns out, the "god" in question was the same person behind @TheTweetofGod. But it was still an interesting conversation about evolution, aliens, miracles, string theory and sports [source: Tickle].

• Besides an exclusive interview with "God," StarTalk's also featured actors Laurence Fishburne and Dan Aykroyd, former astronaut Buzz Aldrin and scientists like Bill Nye the Science Guy.

• Although the podcast is sometimes tongue-in-cheek and slightly irreverent, it's always rich with scientific theory and astrophysical findings, as well as pop culture and humor [source: StarTalk Radio].

• When was the last time you picked up a comic book and discovered one of the world's reigning astrophysicists immortalized in picture and panel? No, we hadn't seen one either. Until Neil deGrasse Tyson's pivotal appearance in Action Comics 14, the one where he helps Superman catch a glimpse of his home planet.

• When DC Comics asked Tyson to let them use his likeness in the comic book, he not only said yes, he offered to ground the storyline in scientific fact.

• Since it wouldn't be possible to see a planet as far away as Krypton (if it existed), Tyson chose an actual red star named LHS 2520 for Krypton to orbit. Then, adding a bit of fiction, Tyson had Superman harness the power of all the telescopes on Earth to view the explosion of his home planet, which actually happened 27 years in the past but was just now visible on Earth (thanks to the speed of light and other laws of the universe).

• The awesomeness of Superman aside, perhaps the best thing about Action Comics 14 is seeing Tyson drawn wearing one of his signature star-themed vests [source: Holmes].

• Thirty-four years after "Cosmos: A Personal Voyage" debuted, a fan helped bring it to life again. Only this was no ordinary fan. It was Neil deGrasse Tyson, who in 2014 hosted "Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey" on Fox TV and the National Geographic Channel -- and introduced a new generation to the mysteries of the universe.

• Tyson's 13-episode "Cosmos" series presented some big shoes to fill. The original series was the most-watched show on U.S. public television for an entire decade. The host was Tyson's mentor, Carl Sagan, who died in 1996. Sagan's widow, Ann Druyan, a writer on the original series, was a writer for the "Cosmos" reboot, which often gave a nod to Sagan through location or reference. The first episode, for example, began on the California coast in the same spot Sagan filmed more than three decades ago.

• Despite all these similarities, or maybe because of them, acting as host was surreal for Tyson. "Everything we did, at least to me, was novel," he said. "I took pictures as though I was an anthropologist observing a tribe of filmmakers" [sources: Tepper, Kramer].

• Tyson may have earned a master's degree in astronomy from the University of Texas at Austin in 1983 and entered a doctoral program the following year, but he wasn't all work in the Lone Star state. He joined the university's wrestling and rowing teams, and was a member of the college's ballroom dance team. While he studied a variety of styles -- jazz, ballet and Afro-Caribbean -- he made his mark as a Latin ballroom dancer. In 1985, he won a gold medal when the UT dance team took first in a national Latin ballroom tournament [source: Cahalan].

• Like most graduate students, Tyson was short on money. A few of his fellow male dancers began showcasing their skills in Chippendale-like clubs for extra cash, and Tyson, who described himself as "flexible from having danced and ... pretty cut from having wrestled," became intrigued. He went to a club to see them in action.

• "They came out in jockstraps having been soaked in lighter fluid, asbestos jockstraps, ignited, coming out dancing to Jerry Lee Lewis' 'Great Balls of Fire,'" he said later. "I'm embarrassed to say that it wasn't until that moment when I said to myself, 'Maybe I should be a math tutor'" [source: NPR].

• Tyson's interest in astronomy began at the tender age of 9 when he visited the Hayden Planetarium for the first time (yes, the same Hayden Planetarium he's run since 1996). By 11, he was dragging telescopes to the rooftop of his building in Brooklyn. He gave his first lecture in astronomy at 15 [source: Cahalan].

• At age 17, Tyson was accepted to Cornell University and shortly thereafter received a letter from one of the university's most famous faculty members, Carl Sagan, who invited him to visit and tour the astronomy lab. As Tyson later recounted, that meeting continues to impact his life today.

• "He met me on a Saturday morning in the snow, gave me a tour of his lab... then drives me to the bus station. It's snowing a little heavier -- he writes his home phone number on a sheet of paper, [and] said, "If the bus can't get through, call me, spend the night at our place,'" Tyson remembered. "To this day, I have this duty to respond to students who are inquiring about the universe as a career path in the way Carl Sagan responded to me."

• Although Tyson ultimately opted to attend Harvard (because it had a larger astronomy department), he stayed in touch with Sagan throughout his life [source: Arizona Horizon].

• This astrophysicist, author and frequent guest on "The Colbert Report" and "The Daily Show," isn't shy about sharing his feelings for Isaac Newton (he's a fan). During one interview, after expressing awe that Newton invented calculus before he turned 26, Tyson leaned back in his chair, raised both hands to the audience, rolled his eyes and said, "That's my man, right there."

• It's a gesture that soon became one of the Internet's most enduring (and endearing) memes: the "we've got a bad---" guy. Using either an artist's rendering or an animated gif of Tyson's actions during the interview about Newton -- accompanied by the phrase, "Watch out, we're dealing with a bad--- over here" -- Tyson's likeness was used to poke fun at people bragging on the Internet or defying authority in a unconvincing way.

• While his parallel life as an Internet meme was initially "creepy," Tyson said he eventually understood the "we've got a bad---" guy played an important role -- one that would likely be around long after he wasn't [source: Wolford].



• OK, so you thought Tyson's stint as the "bad---" Internet meme was funny? In 2014, his daughter, who was 18 at the time, put the interview that served as the meme inspiration into slow motion -- a move Tyson called "simultaneously disturbing and hilarious" when he shared it with his Twitter followers.

• Then the Twitterverse got even better. Tyson tweeted that has "geek daughter" had completed some calculations and determined the slo-mo is what he would look like when moving at 85 percent the speed of light [source: Malow].


 Arizona Horizon. "Neil deGrasse Tyson: A Horizon Special." July 6, 2009. (April 10, 2014)

 Cahalan, Rose. "Star Power." Alcalde. Feb. 28, 2012. (April 10, 2014)

 Greene, Brian. "How the Higgs Boson Was Found." Smithsonian Magazine. July 2013. (April 10, 2014)

 Hayden Planetarium. "About Neil deGrasse Tyson." (April 10, 2014)

 Hayden Planetarium. "Neil deGrasse Tyson: Curriculum Vitae." (April 10, 2014)

 Holmes, Linda. "Neil deGrasse Tyson Helps His New 'Bud' Superman Get a Glimpse of Home." NPR. Dec. 3, 2012. (April 10, 2014)

 Houston, Thomas. "Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson on Killing Pluto: 'All I did was drive the getaway car.'" The Verge. March 26, 2012. (April 10, 2014)

 Judkis, Maura. "'Titanic' Night Sky Adjusted After Neil deGrasse Tyson Criticized James Cameron." The Washington Post. April 3, 2012. (April 10, 2014)

 Kramer, Miriam. "For 'Cosmos' Host Neil deGrasse Tyson, TV Filming an Otherworldy Experience." Space. April 12, 2014.

 Lemonick, Michael D. "Neil deGrasse Tyson." Time Magazine. May 3, 2007. (April 10, 2014),28804,1595326_1595329_1616157,00.html

 Malow, Brian. "Neil deGrasse Tyson at 85 percent the Speed of Light." Scientific American. April 2, 2014. (April 10, 2014)

 NPR. "Neil deGrasse Tyson Explains Why the Cosmos Shouldn't Make You Feel Small." Feb. 27, 2014. (April 10, 2014)

 NPR. "The Most Powerful Nerd in the Universe is a Scientific Anomaly." March 23, 2014. (April 10, 2014)

 O'Neill, Ian. "'Titanic' Accuracy Tightend by Neil deGrasse Tyson." Discovery News. April 2, 2012. (April 10, 2014)

 Pasadena Journal. "Black News and News Makers: Neil deGrasse Tyson." Sept. 28, 2010. (April 10, 2014)

 StarTalk Radio. "Cosmic Queries: A Stellar Sampling." (April 10, 2014)

 Tepper, Fabien. "Neil deGrasse Tyson to Host New 'Cosmos,' 34 Years After Carl Sagan's Original." CS Monitor. March 4, 2014. (April 10, 2014)

 Tickle, Glen. "Neil deGrasse Tyson Interviewed God on Star Talk Radio." Geekosystem. Feb. 3, 2014. (April 10, 2014)

 Tyson, Neil deGrasse. "Pluto's Honor." Natural History Magazine. Feb. 1, 1999. (April 10, 2014)

 Wolford, Josh. "Neil deGrasse Tyson Talks About Being a Meme." WebPro News. March 26, 2012. (April 10, 2014)

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