Physics II Leeson Name_______________________________________ _________ Block______ Date______________________ Test 1 100

I. Matching (2)

   .  Constellations     .  Heliocentric         .  Astronomy
   .  Geocentric         .  Nebula               .  Horizon
   .  Longitude          .  Cosmic Calendar      .  Astrology
   .  Planet             .  Ellipse 	          .  Renaissance  
  ___1.  A great circle all around your observation point where sky meets ground.
  ___2.  A group of stars that paint a picture in our imaginations.
  ___3.  Caused problems for navigators and mapmakers, because it was so hard to determine.

II. Fill in the blanks. Assume you are facing North. Answers must be grammatically correct. (2)

 1.__________________ is to your left.
 2.Your ______________________ is directly above you.
 3.__________________ is behind you.

III. Put the following in chronological order on the time line. The years listed are not necessarily when events occurred. (2)

A. Christ began teaching. B. Thales of Miletus was born in Ionia. C. Eratosthenes measured the Earth. D. Columbus discovered a new continent. E. The Battle of Hastings, in which the Normans defeated the English

<--| | | | | -->

500b.c. 			500a.d.		1000a.d.	1500a.d.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Put the following in chronological order on the time line. Number the events. In other words, put a “1” in the blank that happened first and an “5” for the most recent event. (2) ____John Harrison solved the problem of longitude. ____World War II began. ____Columbus discovered a new continent. ____Christ began teaching.

____Galileo found uses for the telescope.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

____Brahe died ____Bruno became a “Martyr for Science” ____Copernicus' book was banned by the church ____Newton invented a new type of telescope. ____Kepler understood the true paths of the planets around the sun.

IV. True-False Circle T or F (2)

 T  F   1. Most ancient peoples believed the stars were like the sun, but far away.
 T  F   2. During the Dark Ages, the Arabs named numerous things such as stars.  
 T  F   3. Many people of ancient times viewed the planets as gods.

V.Who did what? ... Matching (2)

 ___Democritus            A.  Kept Astronomy alive throughout the Dark Ages.
 ___Aristarchus	   B.  Italian who sailed on behalf of Spain.
 ___Ptolomy		   C.  Pre-Christian Greek that influenced church teachings.
 ___Eastern Astronomers   D.  Introduced the idea of “atomos” too small to see.
 ___Aristotle		   E.  The first wise man of ancient Greece.
 ___Thales of Miletus	   F.  The invading Norman, who outlawed English.
 ___Pythagorus	           G.  Greek who proposed a Heliocentric universe.
 ___Columbo		   H.  Greek who explained the Geocentric universe model.	  ___William the Conqueror I.  Ancient Greek mystic and mathematician who kept some
                             information secret.  He did much good, but ultimately
                             stifled scientific progress.

 ___Copernicus	 A.  Made measurements of planetary positions with no telescopes.
 ___Newton	 B.  Renaissance monk, reintroduced the Heliocentric universe theory.
 ___Brahe       C.  Lutheran, figured out true motion of the planets.
 ___Einstein    D.  Italian, used scientific methods to help support Copernicus.
 ___Galileo     E.  Defined gravity as the force that keeps the planets in orbit.
 ___Kepler      F.  German/Austrian, created the theories of Relativity.

VI. On a separate page, do ONE of the following:

A. Discuss/define the 5 (7) planets that were known to the ancients. Try to list them in order, and explain why they WERE known. Why were they different? Also, discuss those that were not known and why.

B. Draw and label the models of the universe as explained by Ptolomy, Brahe, and Copernicus.

VII. On a separate page, do TWO of the following... (10)

A. Discuss the relationship between Copernicus, Bruno, and Galileo.

B. Discuss the relationship between Galileo, Brahe, and Kepler.

C. Discuss the relationship between Newton, Flamsteed, and Halley.

D. Discuss how the Dark Ages, the Renaissance, and the Reformation affected science.