|Observation data (J2000.0 epoch)|
|Right ascension||17h 53.9m|
|Distance||0.8 kly (245 Pc)|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||3.3|
|Apparent dimensions (V)||80.0′|
|Other designations||NGC 6475, Ptolemy Cluster|
|See also: Open cluster, List of open clusters|
The cluster is easily detectable with the naked eye, close to the "stinger" of Scorpius. It has been known since antiquity; it was first recorded by the 1st century astronomer Ptolemy, who described it as a nebula in 130 AD. Giovanni Batista Hodierna observed it before 1654 and counted 30 stars in it. Charles Messier catalogued the cluster in 1764 and subsequently included it in his list of comet-like objects as 'M7'.
Telescopic observations of the cluster reveal about 80 stars within a field of view of 1.3° across. At the cluster's estimated distance of 800-1000 light years this corresponds to an actual diameter of 18-25 light years. The age of the cluster is around 220 million years while the brightest star is of magnitude 5.6.
ar:مسييه 7 zh-min-nan:Messier 7 be:Аб'ект Месье M7 ca:Cúmul de Ptolemeu cs:Messier 7 co:M7 eo:M7 fa:مسیه ۷ fr:M7 (astronomie) ko:프톨레마이오스 성단 hr:Messier 7 it:M7 (astronomia) lt:Mesjė 7 hu:Messier 7 nl:Ptolemaeuscluster ja:M7 ru:Скопление Птолемея sk:Hviezdokopa Škorpióní chvost fi:Messier 7 sv:Messier 7 tr:Messier 7 zh:托勒密星團