The Moon is the natural satellite of the Earth.

The Near side of the moon, or the side that is always faced towards Earth due to the Moon's synchronous rotation

Satellites of other planets are called moons. For example Jupiter’s largest moons are called the Galilean moons because Galileo discovered them. The moon is the only place other than Earth where humans have landed. The surface of the moon has large relatively dark “Maria” which are lava fields and numerous impact craters caused by meteor bombardment.

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