- A. Define

- Rufus: He still digs humanity, but it bothers Him to see the $#!+ that gets carried out in His name: wars, bigotry, televangelism. But especially the factioning of all the religions. He said humanity took a good idea and, like always, built a belief structure on it.
- Bethany: Having beliefs isn't good?
- Rufus: I think it's better to have ideas. You can change an idea, changing a belief is trickier. Life should be malleable and progressive; working from idea to idea permits that. Beliefs anchor you to certain points and limit growth; new ideas can't generate. Life becomes stagnant.
- Comparing fact to belief Religion and Science are both attempts to explain the world. Humans are intelligent and have a natural curiosity with forces them to look for answers. We look for answers to questions that start with "How?" and "Why?" The most significant difference between the two approaches is that the nature of Science is to change when it is confronted with new information.

- Science-
- Physics-
- Astronomy-
- Quantum Theory-
- Relativity-
- Cosmology-
- Equilibrium-

- B. Scientific Methods – the Big Lie - these methods allow us to say "This is what we think is true, based on current information."
- Problem, usually stated as a question
- Research
- Hypothesis- an educated guess, that can be tested
- Experiment
- Theory- an explanation that has been tested, that may or may not agree with your hypothesis

- - - - - - - - - - - -
- Law-

- C. Experimental Design
- Independent variable-
- Dependent variable-
- Control Group-
- Bias-

- D. Units- a noun that follows a number to explain a measurement
- meter --> distance
- meters squared --> Area
- Liter = dm3 -->Volume
- second --> time
- gram = mass of 1mL of water
- Define: Length, Area, Volume, mass
- Compare/contrast mass and volume
- List comparing English and SI units...

- E. Affixes
- (see "The Chart")

- F. Measuring
- 1. Issues to consider before you start measuring
- Concept:
- Units:
- Scale
- Smallest amount that can be measured:
- Largest amount that can be measured:
- Increment:
- Precision:

- 2. Issues to consider while measuring
- Parallax
- Meniscus
- “Burning an inch”
- Estimation

- 3. Measuring Mindset
- a. Measure and record the "at least"
- b. Estimate 1 more digit
- c. Record correct units

- 1. Issues to consider before you start measuring

- G. Conversions
- 4/4 = 1
- 25 X 1 = 25
- ...

- H. Metric Conversions ...

- I. Scientific Notation
- 1.Rules
- always write number with one digit to the left of the period
- if num >= 10, exp is positive
- if num <1, exp is negative
- if 1>= num <10, exp is 0
- -------------------------------------
- if exp is positive, move decimal to right
- if exp is negative, move decimal to left

- 2.Examples

- 1.Rules

- J. Significant Digits (sig fig)
- 1)Precision vs. Accuracy
- 2)The measuring device determines the precision of the measurement.
- 3)Measurements must make sense for that given situation
- Examples: 55mph, 45.5mL, 45.63cm, 12.5N

- K. Problem Solving strategy
- Read the problem
- Make a prediction including units
- Take inventory - What do we know and what do we need to know?
- Choose an equation
- Solve for x
- Substitute
- Calculate and simplify units
- Verify - are those the units you expected? Does the answer make sense?

- L. Graphing in Physics
- includes the slope equation